Today people are getting bore about television, journals, social media and other medias that are the major sources of celebrity scandals. 18th century the scandal was not what we are watching today?  Time, social scandals were popular than modern brain-garbaging! It was called sentimental comedy!

Sentimental comedy  was a reaction to the comedy of manners of the restoration period, very popular among the 18th century puritan-middle-class audience. The comedies were impressive and erotic in both subject-matter and technique. There are sobbing heroines, pathetic situations, sentimental morality and unpredictable lover. Comic purpose is defeated.

Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer and Sheridan’s The School for Scandal reacted and revived the true spirit of comedy. The School for Scandal is a great example of comedy of manners. Sheridan draws a witty picture of the urban society of the day. He represents a company of gossip and scandal-mongers and their repartees were introduced for laughter.

"The card playing scene from "The School for Scandal". Standing behind Marie Wilson,Wheeler Dryden, Charlie's half-brother. Seated on the left is Naomi Stevens as Lady Sneerwell, and opposite her Janet Brandt as Mrs. Candour" (El Centro Theatre, June 7 1950)

The characters are named of Backbite, Crabtree, Sneerwell and Candour. It is evident he was ridiculing the participants of the monstrous academy The School for Scandal. The very names of each character is suggesting their nature. Their label names are like those of Benjamin (Ben Jonson’s comedy.) Satire is Sheridan’s intelligent weapon and wits, he used to teach lessons to the members of artificial society very similar to many modern clubs (golf club, romance club, poker club, snooker club, bowling club, lover’s club and so on…).

In the prologue, the audience become aware that they are watching a piece about scandal mongers. Sheridan presents an imitation of Lady Wormwood (Wormwood is a bitter herb, so she is exactly named), drinking tea and reading the papers. Her conversation is an intentional grimace of that of Lady Sneerwell and her companions. We can see parallel of this in Backbite’s display of rhyming epigrams. The young author (at the time Sheridan was twenty-six) able to fight successfully a vice as prolific as the “many-headed hydra”one head is chopped off, grows another?

There are love themes. Lady Sneerwell shows her passionate love towards Charles. Charles and Maria are deeply in love but Sheridan avoids romantic or sentimental scenes. There is hardly any passionate expression by Charles about his love for Maria. In Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer, love-making acted under disguise (like Shakespeare’s As You Like It). Indirect love-making was a source of laughter. But sentiment had no direct place in Sheridan’s play!

Marie Wilson in The School for Scandal. Picture appeared in Life Magazine (El Centro Theatre, June 7 1950)

A typical sentimental comedy included mawkish, tearful and moralizing sentimental scenes. Joseph Surface who is a “sentimental knave” (a man of sentiment). Sir Peter is be fooled by sentimental villains. All the characters assembled in Lady Sneerwell’s drawing room to discuss the cause of Charles’s distress. Joseph says “I’ll keep that sentiment till I see Sir Peter”.

Sheridan attacks sentimentality through Joseph. He cut the last-minute conversion (another feature of sentimental comedy). Sir Peter and Lady Teazle changed but they went through the horrible experience and they realized their errors. However sentimental attitude of Sir Oliver to Charles. Charles didn’t want to sell Sir Oliver’s portrait as a memorial of his uncle. Charles’s benevolence in sending one hundred pounds to poor Stanly is appreciated by Sir Oliver. Benevolence is firmly related with sentiment. In the screen scene Sir Peter expressed his genuine love for Lady Teazle. Lady Teazle’s comment is sentimental. She would try to maintain a better relationship with her husband. There is an element of morality at the end. Lady Sneerwell, the chief of gossip mongers and Joseph, the hypocritical-man are unmasked.

* For more information about “The School for Scandal” performance at El Centro Theatre please visit: www.elcentrotheatre.com.

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About VIKRAM ROY

Hi guys, I am Vikram, a friend of your’s! I would like to take this opportunity of personally welcoming you to my profile! The readers are invited to read... …it’s great to have you here! I am the writer of the mystery play “The Alchemist A Mystery In Three Acts” http://www.amazon.com/dp/B005IDUD4C We know each other from a long long time! I am here to bring love, life and hope! I am with you! I am nothing but your inner voice! You talk I listen, and we both listen to the same! The words are all free to construct. Construct the future, full with love, science and logic. No emotion! No hate! Hope! Hope will take us high to experience the brave new world! Modern technology and fast information will help us to connect each other! Kisses! Light! Hope! Love! And big big Hugs! With warm regards, Vikram Roy

14 responses »

  1. Great post! A wonderful look at a time when subject trumped scene. Move forward to the 20th Century and we see people like Dana Andrews, Claude Rains and Faye Wray, Errol Flynn and Greta Garbo,,,

  2. bacchus713 says:

    Great review..thanks for the share!

  3. Nursemyra blog(South Africa I think) posts all kind of scandal stories, crazy and bizzare Tell her I sent you.

  4. granbee says:

    Lady Sneerwell is just TOO perfect a society wife! Don’t suppose we could get a cable channel to run this version of THE SCHOOL FOR SCANDAL just after one of those televised political debates, do you?

  5. Reblogged this on That Girl Named Naima and commented:
    Very interesting Vikram! Like your writing structure!

  6. totally enjoyed reading your post…

  7. Had to check out your blog after you liked my post “The Vow”. What I had a chance to quickly browse over I found very interesting. So great to find other people who enjoy classical literature. So few people in my small town get my love for the classics. And your political points are interesting as well. I look forward to reading more. BTW, thanks for the like on my post.

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